Organophosphate Ester (OPE) Flame Retardants & Plasticizers

Exposure to OPE can be measured by quantifying their metabolites in urine, or parent compounds in environmental samples, such as indoor air, hand wipes, house dust or wristbands.

Biospecimens: Volume requirement - Typically 0.1-1.0 mL of urine

  • Diethyl phosphate (DEP)
  • Dipropyl phosphate (DPRP)
  • Di-n-butyl phosphate (DNBP)
  • Diisobutyl phosphate (DIBP)
  • Bis(butoxyethyl) phosphate (BBOEP)
  • Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phosphate (BEHP)
  • Bis(2-chloroethyl) phosphate (BCEP)
  • Bis(1-chloro-2-propyl) phosphate (BCIPP)
  • Bis(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate (BDCIPP)
  • Diphenyl phosphate (DPHP)
  • Bis(methylphenyl) phosphate (BMPP)

Environmental Samples: Volume requirements: up to one gram of dust (the parent trieester phosphates are measured in environmental samples)

  • Bis (2,4-diisopropylphenyl) phenyl phosphate
  • Bis(2-isopropylphenyl) phenyl phosphate
  • Bis (3-isopropylphenyl) phenyl phosphate
  • Bis (4-isopopylphenyl) phenyl phosphate
  • bis(4-tert-butylphenyl) phenyl phosphate
  • 2,4-Diisopropylphenyl diphenyl phosphate
  • Dioctyl phenylphosphonate
  • 2-Ethylhexyl diphenyl phosphate
  • Isodecyl diphenyl phosphate
  • 2-Isopropylphenyl diphenyl phosphate
  • 3-Isopropylphenyl diphenyl phosphate
  • 4-Isopropylphenyl dipheynyl phosphate
  • Tris(2-isopropyl phenyl) phosphate
  • Tris(3-isopropylphenyl) phosphate
  • Tris(4-isopropylphenyl) phosphate
  • Tris(4-tert-butylphenyl) phosphate
  • Tri-(2-butoxyethyl)-phosphate
  • 4-tert-butylphenyl diphenyl phosphate
  • Tributylphosphine oxide
  • Tris (2-chloro-ethyl) phosphate
  • Tris (1-chloro-isopropyl) phosphate
  • Tris (2,3-dibromopropyl) phosphate
  • Tris (2,4-dichloro-isopropyl) phosphate
  • Tris(3,5-dimethyl phenyl) phosphate
  • Tetraethyl ethylenediphosphonate
  • Tris(2-ethylhexyl) phosphate
  • Triethyl phosphate
  • Tri-iso-butyl-phosphate
  • Triisopropyl phosphate
  • Tri-m-cresyl phosphate
  • Trimethyl phosphate
  • Tri-n-butyl-phosphate
  • Tri-o-cresyl phosphate
  • Tri-p-cresyl phosphate
  • Triphenyl phosphate
  • Tripentyl phosphate
  • Triphenylphosphine oxide
  • Tripropyl phosphate

Related Links

Exposure to Organophosphate Ester (OPE) Flame Retardants & Plasticizers

Targeted Analyses